Dry van hauler. The most common type of truck driving job out there, dry van haulers operate semi-trucks with rectangular trailers and deliver shipments of easy-to-transport goods packaged on pallets or in boxes. These drivers are typically not required to unload the goods themselves.
Freight hauler. This encompasses all types of cargo not delivered by dry van hauling, and may involving hazardous, liquid, or oversized cargo.
Flatbed hauler. This involves transporting dry products or machinery on open-air trailers. The cargo is typically too large or awkward to fit into a dry van trailer and transportation is longer and riskier. As a result, flatbed haulers typically earn more than dry van haulers.
Tanker hauler. As one of the most dangerous, in-demand, and well-paying type of truck driving, tanker hauling involves transporting both hazardous and non-hazardous liquids. Drivers are required to know how to respond in case of an emergency.
Refrigerated hauler. This freight must remain at a certain temperature while being transported. Some hauls have freezer shipping containers and drivers are required to meet certain time and distance requirements. Since the freight is temperature controlled, drivers must know how to set and check the temperature of their trailer. This skill commands higher pay for refrigerated haulers than dry haulers.
Less than truckload (LTL) haulers. These drivers typically operate locally, hauling small loads and loading and unloading their own shipments. These drivers earn less than long-distance drivers, but may deliver several loads in one day.
Local/regional haulers. Similar to LTL, local and regional freight haulers can take multiple loads per day and typically come home every night.
Hotshot haulers. Drive a Class 3 or 5 truck paired with a small trailer and deliver goods as quickly as possible, often taking multiple loads per day. These drivers may deliver goods locally or regionally.
Auto haulers. These drivers are specially designed for carriers transporting cars. Their heavy weight requires great skill, and therefore pays more than semi-truck driving.